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The story of 38th (Irish) Brigade in the Second World War

To mark the 75th anniversaries of the London Rifles’ remarkable fighting role during the Second World War, Association members, Richard and Edmund O’Sullivan, have commenced a project to film the route that their father, CQMS Edmund (“Rosie”) O’Sullivan followed with the 2nd Battalion London Irish Rifles all the way from Algiers to Austria.

Parts 1 to 5, which covers the Tunisian and the Sicily campaigns as well as the first period of fighting on the Italian mainland, are now available, with further filming taking place over the next year hopefully.

Part 1 – Tunisia, November 1942 to March 1943

On October 1941, Winston Churchill had sent the following memorandum to the Secretary of State for War:

“I shall be glad to have an expression from the War Office on this suggestion. We have Free French and Vichy French so why not Loyal Irish and Dublin Irish.”

Such a formation, 38 (Irish) Brigade, was indeed created during January 1942 in line with Churchill’s wishes and comprised three infantry battalions, the 1st Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers, the 6th Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers and the 2nd Bn London Irish Rifles, and it would leave the UK in November 1942 as part of the follow up force to exploit the initial Allied landings (‘Torch’) in North Africa.

The Irish Brigade would gain an unrivalled reputation for battlefield excellence from the time that they arrived in Tunisia in December 1942 until they spearheaded the advance through the Argenta Gap that led to final victory in Italy at the end of April 1945. Along with the rest of 78th (Battleaxe) Infanty Division, 38 (Irish) Brigade would often be called forward to break the most stubborn parts of the German defensive lines and would suffer thousands of casualties, more than a thousand of whom are buried at various CWGC Cemeteries in North Africa and Italy. It is a truly remarkable and moving story and one which we look forward to sharing with you over the next two years.

Part 2 – Tunisia, April /May 1943

Part 3 – Sicily, July/August 1943

Part 4 – The Adriatic, 1943

Part 5 – Cassino, 1944

Faugh a Ballagh

Nec Aspera Terrent

Quis Separabit