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First World War


On Saturday 1st August 1914, the London Irish paraded at Chelsea to go for their annual camp on Persham Down. They en-trained at Paddington but spent less than one day in camp as orders for general mobilisation were received the same night and the Battalion was ordered to return to Chelsea. On mobilisation, every man received five pounds in gold. The only absentees were one one officer, who was in Canada and one soldier, who was visiting India. This rapid mobilisation reflected great credit on the Commanding Officer and his officers.

Many recruits joined at this period and their selection and engagement stretched the capabilities of all the officers and NCOs. When all was ready, the London Irish set out to march to St Albans, where they were billeted. This took two days, with a night stop in bivouacs at Edgware and was a trying experience in the hot sun with the newly acquired transport and vehicles. At St Albans, the circus like cavalcade of tradesman’s vans and municipal water carts were replaced by army limbers, field cookers and ammunition wagons.

Rigorous training began and continued in mud, rain, snow and east winds until the Battalion received orders to go overseas in March 1915.

In September 1914, a reserve battalion of the London Irish, 30 officers and 990 other ranks, were raised in four days under the command of Lt Col Walter J Mathews. This became the 2nd Battalion and in November 1914, provided a large draft for the 1st Battalion in order to replace a number of older soldiers and others not physically equal to the tasks ahead.

On 9th March  1915, the 1st Battalion, London Irish Rifles, left St Albans by train for Southampton Docks. The strength of the Battalion comprised 29 officers and 1,048 other ranks, who were accommodated in three transports. On disembarkation, the London Irish marched five miles to a tented camp. The Battalion entrained for Cassel on the 11th March and marched to billets at Winnezeele. St Patrick’s Day was celebrated in the proper manner but orders were received the next day to move by motor bus, followed by a march through the snow to Berbure.

The London Irish Rifles maintained two front line battalions throughout the First World War with a third one, based in England, that provided reinforcement drafts.



The 1st Battalion

Sailed to France with 47th (1/2nd London) Division during March 1915, before seeing their first front line action at Festubert during May 1915. They fought on the Western Front in both France and Belgium until the end of the war, finishing their war time service near to Tournai.

First World War History of the 1st Battalion

“Festubert, 1915” “Loos” “Somme, 1916,’18” “Flers-Courcelette” “Morval” “Le Transloy” “Messines, 1917” “Ypres, 1917” “Langemarck, 1917” “Cambrai, 1917” “St Quentin” “Bapaume, 1918” “Ancre, 1918” “Albert, 1918” “Pursuit to Mons” “France and Flanders, 1915-18


History of the 47th (1/2nd London) Division 1914-1919

Medals and Honours awarded to men of the 1st Battalion during the First World War


Diary and Letters of Corporal Sydney Speed

Recollections of Patrick MacGill

Reminiscences of Sydney Stadler

Harry Tyers at Ytres, March 1918



The 2nd Battalion

Sailed to France with 60th (2/2nd London) Division during June 1916, before seeing their first front line action in the trench lines near Vimy Ridge at the start of July 1916. They remained in France until November 1916, before sailing to Greece, where they spent over six months on the Salonika front.

The battalion travelled to Egypt during June 1917 and joined the campaign in Palestine at the start of November 1917, before entering Jerusalem during December 1917. The 2nd Battalion spent the first few months of 1918 in Palestine and the Jordan valley before it was disbanded, with men then being transferred to battalions within the 10th (Irish) Division.

‘Signal Corporal’: The story of the 2nd Battalion during 1914-18

Doiran, 1917” “Macedonia, 1916-17” “Gaza” “El Mughar” “Nebi Samwil” “Jerusalem” “Jericho” “Jordan” “Palestine 1917-18


History of the 60th (2/2nd London) Division, Colonel P H Dalbiac CB TD

The London Irish Rifles in Palestine



War Diaries of the 1st and 2nd Battalions

A Roll of Honour of men, who died while serving with the two Battalions during the First World War